ADA Striping and Restriping Standards
When one thinks about the Americans with Disabilities Act, the first thing that normally comes to mind is discrimination in the workplace. Although that is an important aspect of the law, parking lots, pavement slope, curbing, and overall property access are just as important an aspect.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) protects those with disabilities and provides a safety guideline to ensure equal access to businesses, State and local parking lots and buildings, providing a comprehensive safety standard for everyone.
Accessible Parking Spaces
When a business or State or local government restripes parking spaces in a parking lot or parking structure (parking facilities), they must provide accessible parking spaces as required by the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design (2010 Standards).
Because restriping is relatively inexpensive, compliance with the 2010 standards is easily achieved in most cases.
In addition, businesses or privately owned facilities that provide goods or services to the public have a continuing ADA obligation to remove barriers to access in existing parking facilities when it is readily achievable to do so. State and local government facilities also have an ongoing ADA obligation to make their programs accessible, which can require providing accessible parking.
This compliance brief provides information about the features of accessible car and van parking spaces and how many accessible spaces are required when parking facilities are restriped.
Location of Striping
Accessible parking spaces must be located on the shortest accessible route of travel to an accessible facility entrance. Where buildings have multiple accessible entrances with adjacent parking, the accessible parking spaces must be dispersed and located closest to the accessible entrances.
When accessible parking spaces are added to an existing parking lot or structure, locate the spaces on the most level ground close to the accessible entrance. An accessible route must always be provided from the accessible parking to the accessible entrance. An accessible route never has curbs or stairs, must be at least 3 feet wide, and has a firm, stable, slip-resistant surface. The slope along the accessible route should not be greater than 1:12 in the direction of travel.
Accessible parking spaces may be clustered in one or more facilities if equivalent or greater accessibility is provided in terms of distance from the accessible entrance, parking fees, and convenience. Van-accessible parking spaces located in parking garages may be clustered on one floor (to accommodate the 98-inch minimum vertical height requirement).
The handicap parking stalls and adjacent access aisles should not have a slope that exceeds 2% in any direction. The running slope, cross slope, and diagonal slopes have to be checked.
For concrete curb cut ramps and concrete ramps, the cross slope is not to exceed 2% and the running slope is not to exceed 8.33%.
You are also allowed to have up to a 5% slope if when the disabled person gets out of the parking stall, they have to cross a drive lane from the opposite side. Where the parking stalls are such as in a shopping center, the accessible path of travel cannot exceed 5% running slope and 2% cross slope.
Potential Risks to Property Management
ADA standards were put in place almost 20 years ago with the Bush Administration; the infrastructure to enforce ADA standards has been primarily reactionary (when a complaint was filed the Justice Department would pursue claims).
Now in 2018, the infrastructure to actively enforce ADA compliance is in place, which brings a new level of risk to property management and the potential for fines.
Being proactive in bringing properties, parking lots, sidewalks, curbing, handicap access, etc., into compliance would be prudent to avoid hefty fines or potential lawsuits relating to poorly planned parking lots, parking stalls, and handicap access.
How Does The ADA Apply To Parking Lots?
When someone with a disability accesses your property, their safety and well-being now become your concern. This applies to the property owner and/or property manager. Ensuring any person that is affected by a disability can safely access all or part of the property, including but not limited to the entrance of the establishment, is of concern.
The most common issues facing property owners is the handicap parking stall. Parking stalls, while marked, are often out of compliance. The most common compliance issue is a slope of more than 2% in any direction. This causes wheelchairs to be very difficult to control for self-propelled people with disabilities.
The standards are designed to prevent runaway wheelchairs or tipping hazards that could lead to severe or even fatal injuries.
Pavement Exchange can Help
Pavement Exchange is here to help you bring your entire property into compliance. With our team of certified ADA experts, we can analyze the entire footprint of property for ADA compliance, traffic flow, and potential problems.
In addition, we can handle the entire project, including design, removal of asphalt and the application of new asphalt, concrete, curbing, striping, and appropriate signage.
Call us today and speak with one of our ADA experts about your needs.